The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Donovan E. 1805. An epitome of the natural history of the insects of New Holland, New Zealand, New Guinea, Otaheite, and other islands in the Indian, Southern, and Pacific Oceans, including the figures and descriptions of one hundred and fifty-three species. F.C. & J.Rivington. London :1-91
  • Schoolmeesters P. (2015). Scarabs: World Scarabaeidae Database (version Jul 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


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