The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Aescht E. (2013). CilCat: The World Ciliate Catalog (version 4.0, Jan 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Calkins, Gary N. 1902. Marine Protozoa from Woods Hole. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, vol.21, 1901; Fig.68
  • Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg. 1834. Dritter Beitrag zur Erkenntniss großer Organisation in der Richtung des kleinsten Raumes $[note >HB]. In: Abh. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1835: (1834):
  • Warren, A. (2014). Acineta tuberosa Ehrenberg, 1833. In: Warren, A. (2014) World Ciliophora Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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