Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests and Semi-evergreen forests"
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Climber
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Distribution

"
Global Distribution

India

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Idukki, Thrissur

"
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Kerala: Idukki
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Yunnan [Bangladesh, India, Myanmar].
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Scandent shrubs; young branches terete, densely yellowish brown appressed pubescent, mature branches dark brown, glabrous, lenticellate. Stipule ovate, minute, deciduous; petiole thick, ca. 6 mm, canaliculate adaxially, glabrate; leaf blade lanceolate, oblong, or ovate, 7.5-12 × 3-4.5 cm, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, midrib abaxially sparsely pubescent, base broadly cuneate to rounded, abaxially with 2 glands, margin slightly recurved, apex long acuminate; lateral veins 5 or 6 pairs. Racemes axillary or terminal, 4-6 cm, appressed pubescent, 4-10-flowered; pedicels 10-15 mm, articulate proximally or rarely at middle; bracteoles subulate-lanceolate. Sepals elliptic, 4-5 × ca. 3 mm, densely pubescent, apex rounded; gland ovate-oblong, 3-4 mm, ca. 1/4 adnate on pedicel. Petals white with pink, subrotund, 10-11 × ca. 9 mm, apex rounded, base clawed, pubescent, margin very shortly dentiform-fimbriate. Stamens differing in size, longest ca. 10 mm, others 5-7 mm; anthers ovate. Ovary pubescent; style circinate, ca. 1.2 cm. Samara body densely appressed pubescent, wings sparsely hirsute pubescent, abaxial wing obovate-oblong, 2.5-3 × ca. 12 mm, apex rounded, retuse, lateral wings linear-lanceolate, ca. 13 × 5-6 mm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Apr-May.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Scandent shrubs. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, rounded at base, caudate-acuminate at apex, 8-15 x 4.5-5 cm, glabrous; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, oblique to arcuate; petioles 0.5-1 cm long, glabrous. Flowers in axillary, 1.5-4 cm long, racemes, brown-tomentose, with a bract and a pair of bracteoles. Calyx 5-partite with a large gland outside partly on pedicel; lobes 2-3 mm long, unequal, hairy. Petals 5, ca 4 mm long, brown-tomentose, pale pink. Stamens 8-10, one much larger than the rest; filaments 0.5-2 mm long, connate at base. Ovary 3-loculed; style 1, ca 3.5 mm long, coiled; stigma capitate. Fruit not seen."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Climber
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, often along margins"
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Forest margins, mountains; ca. 1400 m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: February-August
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