The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Metcalf, Z. P. 1963. Fascicle VIII. Cicadoidea. Part 2: Tibicinidae. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. vi + 492
  • Sanborn, A.F., and P.K. Phillips. 2013. Biogeography of the Cicadas (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) of North America, North of Mexico. Diversity 5: 166-239 doi:10.3390/d5020166 (CC-BY)


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