Distribution: Indonesia (Borneo: Kalimantan), Malaysia (East Malaysia: Sabah, Sarawak); Singapore
Type locality: Teweh, Borneo.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Python curtus breitensteini
- Common names: Borneo short-tailed python, Borneo python.
Adults have been reported to attain a length of 2.1 m (7 feet), although they are usually no more than 1.2 m (4 feet). Heavy-bodied, they can weigh as much as 13.6 kg (30 lb). Females are generally larger than males. The head is broad with several thermoreceptive pits along the nose. The tail is short and tapering.
The color pattern is usually tan with brown blotching, which varies greatly. Though there have been no reported instances of albinism, a few individuals display a significantly lighter color, appearing more yellow than brown. Juveniles have a more contrasting pattern than adults. The head is usually yellow.
Typically found at lower elevations, on poorly drained flood plains, or on the edges of swampy areas. Man-made irrigation of farmland has also provided appropriate habitat.
While the species as a whole generally has a reputation for being mean-tempered, this subspecies is increasing in popularity among reptile enthusiasts. This is due to captive bred specimens being recognized as easier to handle than wild-caught snakes. Almost all of the early imported animals were animals that were originally caught for the skin trade.
Elevated to a full species by Keogh, Barker and Shine (2001).
- Keogh, JS, Barker DG, Shine R. 2001. Heavily Exploited but Poorly Known: Systematics and Biogeography of Commercially Harvested Pythons (Python curtus group) in Southeast Asian. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 73:113-129