Distribution: Indonesia (Borneo: Kalimantan), Malaysia (East Malaysia: Sabah, Sarawak); Singapore
Type locality: Teweh, Borneo.
Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Python curtus breitensteini
- Common names: Bornean short python, Borneo short-tailed python, Borneo python.
Adults have been reported to attain a total length (including tail) of 2.1 m (7 feet), although they are usually no more than 1.2 m (4 feet). Heavy-bodied, they can weigh as much as 13.6 kg (30 lb). Females are generally larger than males. The head is broad with several thermoreceptive pits along the nose. The tail is short and tapering.
The color pattern is usually tan with brown blotching, which varies greatly. Though there have been no reported instances of albinism, a few individuals display a significantly lighter color, appearing more yellow than brown. Juveniles have a more contrasting pattern than adults. The head is usually yellow.
Typically found at lower elevations, on poorly drained flood plains, or on the edges of swampy areas, man-made irrigation of farmland has also provided appropriate habitat.
While the species as a whole generally has a reputation for being mean-tempered, this species is increasing in popularity among reptile enthusiasts. This is due to captive bred specimens being recognized as easier to handle than wild-caught snakes. Almost all of the early imported animals were animals that were originally caught for the skin trade.
Elevated to a full species by Keogh, Barker and Shine (2001).
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
- Das 2006.
- Beolens B, Watson M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Python breitensteini, p. 38).
- Python breitensteini at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 15 September 2007.
- Das I. 2006. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Borneo. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 144 pp. ISBN 0-88359-061-1. (Python breitensteini, p. 16).
- Keogh JS, Barker DG, Shine R. 2001. Heavily Exploited but Poorly Known: Systematics and Biogeography of Commercially Harvested Pythons (Python curtus group) in Southeast Asian. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 73: 113-129.
- Steindachner F. 1880 "1881". "Über eine neue Pythonart (Python Breitensteini) aus Borneo". Sitzungberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe. Abtheilung I. (Vienna) 82: 267-268. (Python breitensteini, new species).
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