The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • Moss, C. 1988. Elephant Memories. New York: William and Morrow Co.
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  • Osman Hill, W. C., W. Barker, C. H. Stockley, C. R. S. Pitman, P. B. Offermann, G. G. Rushby, and W. Gower. 1953. The elephant in East Central Africa: A monograph, Rowland Ward Ltd.
  • Poole, J. 1996. The African elephant. Pages 1-8 in K. Kangwana, editor. Studying Elephants. African Wildflife Foundation Nairobi, Kenya., Nairobi.
  • Promislow, D. E. L., and P. H. Harvey. 1990. Living Fast and Dying Young - a Comparative-Analysis of Life- History Variation among Mammals. Journal of Zoology 220:417-437.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Roca, Alfred L., Nicholas Georgiadis, Jill Pecon-Slattery, and Stephen J. O'Brien. 2001. Genetic Evidence for Two Species of Elephant in Africa. Science, vol. 293
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  • Weissenböck NM; Weiss CM; Schwammer HM; Kratochvil H. 2010. Thermal windows on the body surface of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) studied by infrared thermography. Journal of Thermal Biology. 35(4): 182-188.
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  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
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