Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Phyllostachys bissetii McClure:
United States (North America)
China (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. Morrone Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1024044 External link.
  • Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2006. Fl. China 22: 1–733. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1029690 External link.
  • Judziewicz, E. J. 2000. Pharus. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): I. Subfamilies Anomochlooideae, Bambusoideae, Ehrhartoideae, and Pharoideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 39: 97–100.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1003704 External link.
  • Soreng, R. J. 2000. Phyllostachys. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): I. Subfamilies Anomochlooideae, Bambusoideae, Ehrhartoideae, and Pharoideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 39: 100–104.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1003710 External link.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Culms 5–6 m, ca. 2 cm in diam.; internodes initially purple-green, becoming green or gray-green, to 25 cm, white powdery, glabrous or basal internodes slightly scabrous with minute, erect hairs on distal parts; wall ca. 4 mm thick; nodal ridge slightly more prominent than sheath scar. Culm sheaths deep to pale green, weakly tinged with purple, unmarked or more usually with distal milky-white stripes and extremely minute brown spots, white powdery, those from basal nodes sometimes pubescent; auricles usually present, green or purple-green, small or large and falcate; oral setae sometimes absent; ligule purple, arcuate or truncate, 1–2 mm, ciliate; blade erect, deep green or tinged with purple, narrowly triangular to triangular-lanceolate, flat or wavy. Leaves usually 2 per ultimate branch; auricles and oral setae usually present initially, deciduous; ligule moderately exserted; blade 7–11 × 1.2–1.6 cm. Inflorescence not known. New shoots Apr.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat & Distribution

* Cultivated. Sichuan, Zhejiang.
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Notes

Comments

The culms of this very hardy species are used as tool handles and are split for weaving.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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