Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs from Europe south to North Africa and east through the Middle East, the Caucasus, Siberia and Kazakhstan to the Russian Far East and China.
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Distribution in Egypt

Nile Valley North of Nubia, Nubia, Mareotic Sector.

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Global Distribution

Egypt

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Gansu (Yumen Shi), Heilongjiang (Harbin Shi), Nei Mongol (Tongliao Xian, Wulabu Meng), Qinghai (Delingha), N Shaanxi, Shanxi, N Xizang [Afghanistan, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan; SW Asia, C to S Europe].
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Annuals; inflorescence axes, pedicels, calyces, and capsules usually sparsely glandular hairy. Stems 15-50 cm tall, erect, simple or branched at base, succulent, very sparsely glandular hairy, sometimes glabrous. Leaves sessile, semiamplexicaul, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2-5 X 0.5-1 cm, margin subentire to serrate. Racemes axillary, to 15 cm, many flowered. Pedicel 3-7 mm, straight or apically slightly curved, at an angle of 60-70° with inflorescence axis. Calyx 4-lobed; lobes elliptic, equal in size, obscurely 3-veined, outside glandular hairy, apex acute, erect and appressed to capsule in fruit. Corolla blue to pale purple, rotate, 3 mm in diam.; tube short; lobes slightly unequal in width. Capsule ellipsoid to broadly so, slightly compressed, 2.5-4 X 2-2.5 mm, longer than calyx, emarginate. Style ca. 1.5 mm. Seeds ca. 30 per capsule, slightly flattened, convex on both sides, ca. 0.7 mm. Fl. Jun-Jul, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 18.
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Size

Height: 15-50 cm

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in a wide variety of habitats, from marshes and seasonally inundated grassland to the margins of lakes, ponds, rivers and streams, as well as temporary pools in arable fields.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Irrigation canals, ditches.

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Ditches, river sides, wet places; 300-2900 m.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Perennial

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Lansdown, R.V.

Reviewer/s
García, N. & Tognelli, M.

Contributor/s
Ali, M.M., Knees, S.G., Patzelt, A., Neale, S. & Williams, L.

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern as it is widespread, able to exploit anthropogenic habitats and does not face any major threats.
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Population

Population

There is no information available on population trends in this species.


Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats

There are no known significant past, ongoing or future threats to this species.

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions

This species is classed as Critically Endangered in Switzerland and Vulnerable in Austria. Otherwise, there are no conservation measures in place or needed.

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