Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found in southern and eastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay and Misiones province, Argentina (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Neotype for Sphiggurus spinosus
Catalog Number: USNM 115122
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Mammals
Sex/Stage: Male; Young adult
Preparation: Skin; Skull
Collector(s): W. Foster
Year Collected: 1901
Locality: Sapucay [= Sapucai], Paraguari, Paraguay, South America
  • Neotype: Cuvier, F. 1823 Nov ("1822"). Memoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle. 9: 433.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in wide range of habitats, including Cerrado, Pantanal and Atlantic Forest. In lowland tropical rainforest it occurs in primary forest, there is a possibility that mature secondary growth might be inhabited (Voss in litt., 2006).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Leite, Y. & Patterson, B.

Reviewer/s
Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
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Population

Population
This species is locally common, found in secondary forest canopy and near human communities.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to this species at present.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species has been included in CITES Appendix III since 1976 (Uruguay).
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Wikipedia

Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine

The Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine, Sphiggurus spinosus, is a South American porcupine species from the family Erethizontidae.[2] It is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

They have a short tail and gray brown quills and feed on fruits, ant pupae, vegetables and roots.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leite, Y. & Patterson, B. (2008). Sphiggurus spinosus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  2. ^ Woods, C. A.; Kilpatrick, C. W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1538–1600. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  • John F. Eisenberg and Kent H. Redford, 2000. Mammals of Neotropics: Ecuador, Bolivia and Brazil.
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