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Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

The Reptile Database

Name Relationship
Vipera aspis LINNAEUS 1758 Preferred
Coluber Aspis LINNAEUS 1758: 218 Synonym
Vipera Francisci Redi LAURENTI 1768
Vipera aspis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1406
Vipera aspis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera aspis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 392
Vipera (Vipera) aspis — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Vipera aspis aspis (LINNAEUS 1758)
Coluber aspis LINNAEUS 1758
Vipera aspis aspis — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis aspis — OBST 1983
Vipera aspis aspis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera aspis aspis — WELCH 1994: 119
Vipera aspis atra (MEISNER, 1820)
Vipera aspis atra — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis atra — OBST 1983
Vipera aspis atra — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera aspis atra — WELCH 1994: 119
Vipera atra — ZUFFI 2002
Vipera aspis francisredi (LAURENTI 1768)
Vipera aspis francisredi — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis francisredi — OBST 1983
Vipera aspis francisredi — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera aspis francisredi — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera aspis francisciredi — SCHMIDT & KUNZ 2005: 7
Vipera aspis hugyi (SCHINZ 1833: 179)
Vipera aspis hugyi — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis hugyi — OBST 1983
Vipera aspis montecristi MERTENS 1956 (fide GOLAY 1993: 282)
Vipera aspis hugyi — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera aspis hugyi — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera hugyi — ZUFFI 2002
Vipera aspis hugyi — SCHWEIGER 2009
Vipera aspis montecristi Mertens 1956
Vipera aspis montecristi MERTENS 1956: 222
Vipera aspis montecristi — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis montecristi — OBST 1983
Vipera aspis montecristi — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera aspis zinnikeri KRAMER 1958
Vipera aspis zinnikeri — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera (Rhinaspis) aspis zinnikeri — OBST 1983
Vipera aspis zinnikeri — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Vipera aspis zinnikeri — WELCH 1994: 121
Vipera zinnikeri — ZUFFI 2002
Vipera aspis zinnikeri — SCHWEIGER 2009

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Vipera aspis LINNAEUS 1758 Preferred
Coluber aspis LINNAEUS 1758 Ambiguous synonym
Vipera aspis VENCHI 2006

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