You are viewing this Taxon as classified by:

Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species has been recorded from Armenia, Azerbaijan (Nachitschevan) and northeastern Turkey (Kars and Erzerum provinces) at the altitude of 1,000 to 3,000m asl.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Continent: Near-East Asia Europe
Distribution: Armenia, NW Iran, NE Turkey  
Type locality: Yerevan (at 2000 m elevation), Armenia.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Peter Uetz

Source: The Reptile Database

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is a mountain-steppe species that is almost always found around rocky outcrops in short grass steppe. It inhabits slopes of mountains, rocky outcrops and talus slopes, rocky-mountain steppes, humid steppe meadows, and banks of canyons that are overgrown with bush vegetation. It has been recorded from rural areas. In hot part of the summer it changes from diurnal activity to being active in the morning and evening hours. The species is viviparous, with litters of up to 10 young are born (Latifi, 1991). The period of activity before hibernation lasts from April - May to October.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii,v)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
Boris Tuniyev, Goren Nilson, Aram Agasyan, Nikolai Orlov, and Sako Tuniyev

Reviewer/s
Neil Cox and Helen Temple

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its mountain steppe habitat due to overgrazing and agricultural conversion.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
The population density is generally low, but as many as eight to ten animals can be found per hectare in foothill areas.

Population Trend
Decreasing
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
This species is threatened by the overgrazing of its habitat by domestic livestock (sheep). It is more generally threatened by the overall degradation of mountain habitats. An additional threat is the conversion of suitable habitat to intensive agricultural use at lower elevations.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Populations are present within the grasslands of the Khosrov and Dilijan Reserve (Armenia).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Average rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!