Overview

Distribution

Guangdong, Hainan [Philippines, Vietnam]
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs 1-2(-5) m tall, glabrous. Branchlets terete, 5-7 mm in diam., glabrous. Petiole canaliculate, 6-10 mm; leaf blade obovate, elliptic, or rarely oblanceolate, 15-18 × 5-7 cm, leathery, glabrous, inconspicuously pellucid punctate, scrobiculate, base cuneate and minutely decurrent, margin entire, apex broadly acute to obtuse; lateral veins ca. 12 on each side of midrib, marginal vein absent. Inflorescences terminal, rarely terminating lateral branchlets, subumbellate or cymose in pyramidal panicles, 8-17(-20) cm. Flowers leathery, pink or purplish red, 5-6 mm. Pedicel 6-10 mm, ca. 1.5 cm in fruit. Sepals broadly ovate, 1-2 mm, glabrous, punctate, base subauriculate, margin entire, apex acute. Petals nearly free, broadly ovate or ovate, glabrous, inconspicuously pellucid or orange punctate, glabrous. Stamens subequalling petals; filaments ca. 1/2 anther length; anthers oblong-lanceolate, punctate dorsally, apiculate. Pistil equaling petals; ovary punctate, glabrous; ovules numerous, in 3 series. Fruit dull red or purplish black, globose, ca. 6 mm in diam., densely punctate. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Nov-Dec.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Ardisia hainanensis Mez; A. pyrgina Saint Lager; A. pyrgus Roemer & Schultes; Tinus humilis (Vahl) Kuntze.
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Ecology

Habitat

Mixed forests, hillsides, open fields; 0-1100 m.
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Wikipedia

Ardisia humilis

Ardisia humilis is a species of Ardisia in the family Myrsinaceae, native to southeastern Asia in southern China (Guangdong, Hainan), the Philippines, and Vietnam.[1]

Description

It is an evergreen shrub growing to 1–2 m (rarely to 5 m) tall. The leaves are broad ovate to elliptical, 15–18 cm long and 5–7 cm broad, with a leathery texture and an acute apex. The flowers are reddish purple to pink, 5–6 mm diameter; they are produced in corymbs in mid spring. The fruit is a red to dark purple drupe 6 mm diameter, containing a single seed, mature in the late autumn.[1]

Status

Ardisia humilis is considered to be included in the single variable species Ardisia elliptica by some botanists.[2]

References

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