Overview

Distribution

Anhui, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs or small trees to 8 m tall; young branches stellately tomentose, glabrescent; buds narrowly ovoid, gray-yellow tomentose. Petiole 6–10 mm, tomentose; leaf blade broadly obovate-rounded or oblong, 8–15 × 6–10 cm, abaxially densely stellately tomentose with gray hairs, adaxially subscabrous, sparsely stellately pubescent, base cordate, asymmetrical, margin sinuate-dentate, apex acute; lateral veins 6–8 on each side, abaxially prominent, basal 2 lateral veins with tertiary veins. Inflorescence peduncle ca. 5 mm. Sepals ca. 3 mm, sometimes brown adaxially, persistent. Petals yellow, ca. 1.5 cm; filaments ca. 2 mm; anthers nearly equal to filaments; staminode apex truncate. Ovary tomentose; styles 1–1.5 mm. Capsules ovoid-globose, ca. 1.2 × 1 cm, densely stellately tomentose with yellow-brown hairs; persistent floral cup ca. 1/3 as long as capsules. Seeds ca. 8 mm. Fl. Apr–May, fr. Jun–Aug.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Hamamelis mollis var. oblongifolia M. P. Deng & K. Yao.
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Type Information

Isotype for Hamamelis mollis Oliv.
Catalog Number: US 800688
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Henry
Year Collected: 1885
Locality: Hupeh, China, Asia-Temperate
  • Isotype: Oliver, D. 1888. Hooker's Icon. Pl. 18: pl. 1742.
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Ecology

Habitat

Thickets, forests; 300--800 m.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Hamamelis mollis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hamamelis mollis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Hamamelis mollis

Hamamelis mollis (Chinese witch hazel)[1] is a species of flowering plant in the witch hazel family Hamamelidaceae, native to central and eastern China, in Anhui, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, and Zhejiang.[2]

It is a deciduous large shrub or small tree growing to 8 m (26 ft) tall. The leaves are oval, 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long and 6–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, oblique at the base, acute or rounded at the apex, with a wavy-toothed or shallowly lobed margin, and a short petiole 6-10 mm long; they are dark green and thinly hairy above, and grey beneath with dense grey hairs. The Latin term mollis means "soft", and refers to the felted leaves, which turn yellow in autumn.[3] The flowers are yellow, often with a red base, with four ribbon-shaped petals 15 mm long and four short stamens, and grow in clusters; flowering is in late winter to early spring on the bare branches. The fruit is a hard woody capsule 12 mm long, which splits explosively at the apex at maturity one year after pollination, ejecting the two shiny black seeds from the parent plant.[2]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Flowers.

H. mollis is widely grown as an ornamental plant, valued for the strongly-scented flowers appearing in winter when little else is growing. Numerous cultivars have been selected, for variation in flower colour and size, and in shrub size and habit.[4] It is also one of the two parents of the popular garden hybrid H. × intermedia (the other parent is H. japonica).[1][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  2. ^ a b Flora of China: Hamamelis mollis
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  4. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Hamamelis mollis". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
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