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General DescriptionCaudex erect, dusky, obconical, to 10 cm tall, 3 cm in diameter. Caudex leaves brown-black, scalelike. Flowering stems 1 or 2, 5-60 cm. Stem leaves alternate, abaxially greenish, narrowly to broadly elliptic, narrowly to broadly ovate, oblong-ovate, obovate, or suborbicular, 0.3-6 cm, 0.4-3.2 cm wide, base cordate to shortly or long attenuate, margin entire or sparsely serrate, apex rounded, obtuse, acute, or mucronate. Inflorescences terminal, corymbiform, 7-100-flowered; bracts leaflike. Flowers unisexual, male ones unequally 5-merous. Sepals purplish red, narrowly oblong, oblong-ovate, or narrowly triangular, 1-5 mm long, 0.3-1.2 mm wide, apex rounded to obtuse. Petals dark purplish red, obovate or narrowly so, 2.8-4 mm long, 1.2-1.6 mm wide in male flowers, 1.5-3 mm long, 0.5-0.7 mm wide in female ones. Stamens 10, equaling or slightly shorter than petals. Nectar scales oblong or narrowly or transversely so, apex emarginate. Carpels of female flowers erect, broadest at base, 3-5 times as long as petals, apex recurved. Follicles 4-7 mm. Seeds 10-16.