Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Cultivated as avenue tree
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Miscellaneous Details

Wood is used to make catamarans. Planted for the soft wood and fodder.
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Tree
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Distribution

"
Global Distribution

Indo-Malesia

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Wayanad

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Maharashtra: Kolhapur
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Found in deciduous forests from plains to 1000m. Not common. India and Sri Lanka.
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Distribution: Australia, China, India, it is sometimes cultivated in Pakistan.
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Physical Description

Morphology

"
Flower

In axillary or terminal panicles; greenish-yellow. Flowering from January-March.

Fruit

An oblong samara, prominently nerved, membranous, seed 1. Fruiting March onwards.

Field tips

Bark rough, branchlets with permanent leaf scars.

Leaf Arrangement

Subopposite

Leaf Type

Imparipinnate

Leaf Shape

Oblong-lanceolate

Leaf Apex

Acuminate

Leaf Base

Oblique

Leaf Margin

Irregularly toothed-sublobate

"
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Description

A large polygamous deciduous lofty tree. Bark smooth, ash coloured. Leaves 30-90 cm long, abruptly pinnate, leaflets irregularly glandular-toothed, 8-14 pairs, alternate or subopposite, variable in shape, unequal at base, glabrous, petiolules 2-3 cm long. Inflorescence a large lax panicle; bract minute, covered with soft hairs. Flowers small, many, slightly tinged with yellow. Bisexual flower: calyx 5 lobed. Corolla: petals 5 glabrous, ovate-lanceolate, much larger than the calyx lobes. Stamens 10, inserted below the disc, filaments glabrous; shorter than the petals. Stigma short. Male flower similar to bisexual flower but without rudimentary ovary. Fruit samara, 3-4.5 cm long and c. 1 cm broad, lanceolate, twisted at the top, red coloured, acute, seed one in the centre of samara.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Trees, to 25 m high, bark light greyish-brown, fibrous or glandular, rough. Leaves pari or imparipinnate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 20-80 cm long, stout, swollen at base, pubescent; leaflets 13-29, subopposite; petiolule 20-50 mm long, slender, pubescent; lamina 9-15 x 4-6 cm, very variable in shape, mostly ovate-lanceolate, base unequal or truncate, apex acute or acuminate, margin irregularly and coarsely dentate, membranous, pubescent; lateral nerves 12-20 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamous, 8 mm across, yellowish, in subterminal panicles, emits foetid smell; male flowers: pedicels long, slender; sepals 5, ovate, pubescent; petals 5, ovate-lanceolate, reflexed; disc 10 lobed; stamens 10, inserted at the base disc; filaments shorter than anthers; anthers oblong; pistillode rudimentary; bisexual flowers: sepals, petals and disc as in male flowers; stamens 2 or 3; ovary 2-5, partite, superior, sparsely hairy, ovule 1 in each cell; style free or connate; stigmas curling. Fruit a samara, 5 x 1.3 cm, prominently veined, oblong, copper red, twisted at base."
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Diagnostic

"Habit: A lofty deciduous tree, upto 15m."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Tree
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

Plains to 1000 m. India and Sri Lanka.
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General Habitat

Planted in the plains
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: December-July
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Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: February-March.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ailanthus excelsa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Folklore

Bark used in veterinary medicine.

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Uses

Medicinal
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Uses

Wood is very soft and used for building Catamarans and match sticks and boxes. Leaves and bark used in medicinal preparations.

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