Overview

Distribution

Distribution in Egypt

 

Nile region, Egyptian desert, Res Sea coastal strip, Gebel Elba and Sinai.

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Global Distribution

Mali, Mauritania, north Africa, Sinai, Arabia, Iran, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania.

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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Dichanthium foveolatum (Delile) Roberty:
Ethiopia (Africa & Madagascar)
India (Asia)
Kenya (Africa & Madagascar)
Sri Lanka (Asia)
Somalia (Africa & Madagascar)
Tanzania (Africa & Madagascar)
Mauritania (Africa & Madagascar)
Iran (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Eremopogon foveolatus (Delile) Stapf:
Gabon (Africa & Madagascar)
India (Asia)
Saudi Arabia (Asia)
Iran (Asia)
Afghanistan (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Andropogon strictus Roxb.:
India (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Andropogon strictus Host:
Austria (Europe)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Andropogon orthos Schult.:
India (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Andropogon foveolatus Delile:
Egypt (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); Kenya, Mali and North Africa, eastwards through the Middle East and Somalia to India and Sri Lanka.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Tufted perennial with silky hairy basal sheaths; culms ascending, 15-80 cm high, wiry. Leaf-blades very narrow, 1-15 cm long, 1-3 mm wide, flat or rolled, green or glaucous. Inflorescence a solitary raceme subtended by a narrow spatheole, these loosely aggregated on the culms; raceme 1.5-4.5 cm long, with 0-1 smaller homogamous pairs of spikelets at the base. Sessile spikelet narrowly elliptic, 2.5-4 mm long; lower glume cartilaginous, glabrous, shining, with a circular depression in the upper third, acute; upper lemma entire or minutely bidentate, its awn 12-18 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet with or without a pit.
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Type Information

Type fragment for Andropogon foveolatus Delile
Catalog Number: US 76198
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. R. Delile
Locality: Suez Desert., Egypt, Africa
  • Type fragment: Delile, A. R. 1813. Fl. Egypt. 16.
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Ecology

Habitat

Sandy and stony deserts.

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. & Fr. Per.: March-September or December.
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Life Expectancy

Perennial.

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Notes

Comments

The form with an unpitted pedicelled spikelet has been treated as a distinct species (Eremopogon strictus) but Bor (Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 149) has shown that it cannot be satisfactorily distinguished from Dichanthium foveolatum.
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