Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Common along margins of lakes, drying ponds and rice fields"
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Distribution

"Maharashtra: Kolhapur Karnataka: Dharwar, Mysore"
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Distribution: Pakistan, India (Rajputana, Utter Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Behar, Peninsula), Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Burma, North Australia, Arabia and tropical Africa.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Annual, suberect, 50-60 cm tall herb. Stem woody, with scaly bark, glabrous. Leaves 3-costate, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1.5-6 cm long, 0.5-2.0 cm broad, glabrous, serrate, basal serratures not prolonged into filiform appendages, obtuse; petiole 3-15 mm long, hirsute; stipules subulate-filiform, c. 5 mm long. Cyme a fascicle of 2-5 (-8) flowers, antiphyllous, very shortly pedunculate. Flowers yellow, 5-6 mm across; bracts minute. Sepals linear-oblong, c. 1.5-2.5 mm long, apiculate. Petals oblong-obovate, as long as sepals. Stamens as many as or twice the number of petals, filaments c. 1.5-2 mm long. Carpels 3; ovary oblong-ovate to linear, 3-loculed, hairy; style short, stigma capitate. Capsules 2-5(-8) in each fascicle, sessile, 1-1.5 cm long, with 1-2 mm long entire beak, somewhat triangular, pubescent, 3-loculed, locules without transverse septa. Seeds wedge shaped, c. 1.5 mm long, angular, black, obliquely truncate at both ends.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Undershrub
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: August-September.
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Notes

Comments

Widespread in hotter parts of India but not common in Pakistan.

The fibre extracted from this plant is used in Sind for making ropes. The plant on grinding forms a mucilaginous jelly like substance which is used in seminal and general weakness as a tonic and is valued as an astringent and restorative.

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