Physical Description



10-15 cm, 5-7 cm, yellow April.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Iris tubergeniana

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Iris tubergeniana

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

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Iris tubergeniana

Iris tubergeniana (also commonly known as ) is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Scorpiris. It is a bulbous perennial

It was published by Sir Michael Foster as 'Iris tubergeniana' in Gardeners Chronicles, Series 3 in 1899.[2]

In 1941, Alexi Vvedenski published it as 'Juno tubergeniana' in 'Flora Uzbekistan' (edited by Schreder).[3] This was later re-classified as a synonym.

It was introduced by the company of 'Van Tubergen' from Haarlem, the Netherlands. It was then named after the company.[4]

Iris tubergeniana is now an accepted name by the RHS.[5]

It was also cited in 'The Plantsman' in 2003, on page 54.[5]

It is better grown in an alpine house, but it could be grown outside in sunny sheltered sites.[6]


Iris tubergeniana has a similar form to Iris orchioides and Iris caucasica.[7]

It has a slender bulb,[7] about 2 cm thick.[8] With cord-like roots.[4]

The short flowering stem is about 10–15 cm (4 in) high at flowering time.[4][7][8]

It has 1-3 flowers,[4][9] blooming between March and April,[8][10] which are unscented.[4][8]

It has a perianth tube measuring between 4.5–5 cm long, which is tinged slightlly greenish purple.[4] It has (5.6 cm wide) flowers,[4][6] in shades of yellow, from deep yellow[9] to bright yellow[4] to greenish-yellow.[10]

The falls are about 1.5in long,[7] and have a frilled, dissected beard-like crest[11] with violet-green spots on the sides of the ridge.[6][8] It has very small standards (about 10 mm).[4][7]

It has generally about 6 leaves, 2.5-3in tall, 0.5-2in wide (1.5-2.5 cm) at the widest point,[4][7][8] which are almost fully mature at flowering time.[6] They are pale green[8] - light glaucous green, pointed or sickle shaped,[4] striated, with a margin.[7] The margin is scabrous/horned.[8]

It has (capsule) fruits in late spring-early summer.[4]


Iris tubergeniana is found in Central Asia and the former states of USSR,[6][9] Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkestan.[6][12]

They prefer the red clay and gravelly slopes of the foothills of mountains.[6][8][10]

Can be found on Mount Chimgan in Tajikistan,[13] on Karatau in Kazakhstan[4] and beside the river Syr Darya in Uzbekistan.[11]

Can be found near the town of Dzabaghly near the Aksu Canyon in the Tien Shen Mountains.[14]


  1. ^ "Iris tubergeniana Foster". 18 April 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Iris tubergeniana Foster, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 25: 225 (1899).". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Iridaceae Juno tubergeniana (Foster) Vved.". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Juno". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Iris tubergeniana". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Iris tubergeniana". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Richard Lynch The Book of the Iris , p. 177-178, at Google Books
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Komarov, V.L. (1935). "Akademiya Nauk SSSR (FLORA of the U.S.S.R.) Vol. IV". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c Cassidy, George E.; Linnegar, Sidney (1987). Growing Irises (Revised ed.). Bromley: Christopher Helm. p. 148. ISBN 0-88192-089-4. 
  10. ^ a b c "Juno irises S-Z". 14 April 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Taggart, Peter (6 January 2010). "Iris tubergeniana". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Turkestanian Endemic Plants". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "TAJIKISTAN & UZBEKISTAN". Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Shipton, John (22 April 2008). "Tulip Meadows of Kazakhstan and the Tien Shan Mountains" (pdf). p. 5. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
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