Catalog Number: US 2999147
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Vvedensky
Year Collected: 1928
Locality: Uzbekistan, Asia-Temperate
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Iris vicaria
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Iris vicaria
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Around 1930, the Russian Government decided to sell various wild bulbs from its lands, to plant collectors of Europe and other countries. Large quantities of Lilium szovitsianum, various tulip species and other bulbs were dug up, transported and sold. A lot of iris bulbs labelled Iris warleyensis were found out to be mis-labeled by American bulb growers. Using Professor Fedtschenko's book,' 'Species of Wild Flowers of the U.S.S.R. they were found out to be Iris vicaria.
It prefers to be cultivated in well-drained (including sandy) soils containing lime, so that the water does not stay on the leaves. Similar to the cultivation conditions of Iris bucharica and Iris graeberiana.
It can grow in large pots or in the ground depending on the conditions.
Bulbs can be planted in early November, then protected over the winter by a thick mulch, which is scrapped away in the spring. Bulb nurseries lift the bulbs in July after the foliage has died away. Then they are stored in dry, gentle heated room until planting time.
It has varied coloured flowers. Ranging from white with a yellow crest and falls of a very pale blue, to amythest or pale bluish violet standards (with dark veins) and with a yellow crest and yellow blotch.
The seeds are freely produced, and can be easily used to propagate the species, as well as very carefuly, dividing the bulb after several years.
Iris vicaria comes from the Pamir Mountains and Alay Mountains of Central Asia. It can also be found beside the Upper Varzob River, in the Pamir Mountain system of Tajikistan (in the former Soviet controlled state). The mountains' spring thaw provides the year's main water for the irises and other plants in the area. It can also be found in Uzbekistan, Hissar Mountains and Baisun Mountains, regions of Tajikistan.
- Iris vicaria 'Morgiana'
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- Stebbings, Geoff (1997). The Gardener's Guide to Growing Irises. Newton Abbot: David and Charles. p. 75. ISBN 0715305395.
- "(SPEC) Iris vicaria Vved.". wiki.irises.org (American Iris Society). 30 November 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
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- "IRIS VICARIA". plant-world-seeds.com. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- "Iris vicaria". www.signa.org (Species Iris Group of North America). Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Cassidy, G.E.; Linnegar, S. (1987). Growing Irises (Revised ed.). Bromley: Christopher Helm. p. 75. ISBN 0-88192-089-4.
- "Juno irises J-R". www.pacificbulbsociety.org. 14 April 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Ornamental plants in their natural habitats". mobot.org. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Iris vicaria 'Morgiana'". www.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
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