Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Iris bucharica
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Iris bucharica
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Iris bucharica is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Scorpiris. It is a bulbous perennial. It is also commonly known as 'Bukhara iris' or 'Corn Leaf Iris' or 'Horned iris'.
It was illustrated in the Curtis's Botanical Magazine, Tab. 7111 on 1 April 1890, and was incorrectly described by Baker as a specimen of 'Iris orchioides'. It was then published as Iros bucharica in The Gardeners' Chronicle by Foster in 1902. Michael Foster got the bulbs from the UK bulb merchant 'Van Tubergen' (also based in Harlem, Netherlands). It was also published in 'Flora and Sylva' in 1905.
It was introduced into the UK in 1902.
It is best cultivated in free draining fertile soils which are neutral or slightly alkaline, in full sun. The bulbs should be planted in late summer or in the autumn, but only about 5 cm deep (2-3 inchs) It can grow in gravelly soils in full sun. They prefer to have a period of warmth and dryness during the summer, to prevent the fleshy roots from rotting away. This is normally after the foliage dies back in late June or early July.
It is widely cultivated in temperate regions. It is hardy to USDA Zones 5-9 or 4-8, or 4-9. But it can be grown in a pot in a greenhouse. Providing it is kept dry in summer and left out in the autumn rains.
It is thought to be fairly easy to grow and will increase (by bulblets), very quickly. This means it will naturalise quickly if growing conditions are favourable. Creating drifts in borders or rock gardens They should be lifted and divided every 3–4 years, to prevent over crowding.
It can be grown from seed as well, but this will take several years before the bulbs are big enough to produce flowers.
It is deer resistant.
with thin fleshy roots.
It has lanceolate (lance-like) leaves, which are blue-green below and glossy green (on the reverse). They reach up to 3.5 cm wide and grow up to 20 cm long. The leaves are scattered up the flower stems.
Each stem produces up to 7 flowers in spring, March or April. They bloom in order from the top of the stem, going downwards. They are not scented. The perianth tube is about 4.5–5 cm long.
The flowers have white (or creamy white) standards with yellow falls. The falls sometimes have brown markings and a deep yellow crest. The flowers are about 2.5 inches across.
It has semi-circular stigmas, with whitish anthers and pollen.
It is native to Central Asia, in north-eastern Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan around Bukhara. It is endemic to the Gissar Range, in the valleys of Surkhan-darya, Kafirnigan, Vakhsh, Ak-su and Kizyl-su rivers.
It is found in pebble beds and gravely slopes of the lower mountain zone.
It is found at 5,000 and 6,000 feet above sea level.
- Iris x ‘Sunny Side Up’
- Iris bucharica 'Princess' (Foster)
This hybrid flowers in April and May, the fragrant flowers (similar to freesia), are white with yellow blades on the falls. It reaches a height of between 25–35 cm (10-14"). It is also hardy to Zone 6. It is also known as 'Iris orchioides f. bicolor'.
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- Dykes, W.R. A handbook of Garden Irises. London: Martin Hopkinson Company Ltd. p. 89. ISBN 978-0913728086. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- Komarov, V.L. (1935). "Akademiya Nauk SSSR (FLORA of the U.S.S.R.) Vol. IV". archive.org. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey (Editors) The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification, p. 260, at Google Books
- RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
- Cassidy, George E.; Linnegar, Sidney (1987). Growing Irises (Revised ed.). Bromley: Christopher Helm. p. 67. ISBN 0-88192-089-4.
- "Juno irises A-I". Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- Dykes, W.R. A Handbook of Garden Irises. London: Martin Hopkinson Company Ltd. p. 89. ISBN 978-0913728086. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "Pacific Rim Native Plant Nursery". www.hillkeep.ca. 12 May 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "IRIS FLEUR-DE-LYS Iridaceae (Iris family)". www.hillkeep.ca. 12 May 2008. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
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