Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Perennial herbs, with one or more tubers. Leaves 1 to several, present at flowering time or appearing after flowering; lamina linear to lanceolate, ovate or circular, with a distinct petiole-like base. Peduncle erect, unbranched. Inflorescence a simple raceme. Pedicels articulated at apex. Flowers actinomorphic. Tepals (in ours) ± equal in size and shape, mainly whitish to yellow. Stamens 6. Ovary superior, 3-locular. Capsule emarginate, loculicidally dehiscent, 3-valved. Seeds covered in long white silky hairs.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Description

Shrubs, trees or rhizomatous, xerophytic perennials. Leaves alternate, entire, with parallel venation, stiff, often succulent. Flowers crowded in dense racemes or panicles, ± actinomorphic, bisexual, hypogynous; pedicels with an often disc-like articulation. Perianth segments in two series of 3 each, petaloid. Stamens in two series of 3, exserted. Ovary superior, 3-locular; ovule 1 per loculus, axile. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1-3, dirty-white.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Wikipedia

Ruscaceae

Nolinoideae

Nolinoideae is a monocot subfamily of the family Asparagaceae in the APG III system of 2009. It was previously treated as a separate family, Ruscaceae s.l.[1] The family name is derived from the generic name of the type genus, Nolina.

The subfamily includes genera previously placed in a range of different families, including Ruscaceae s.s., Nolinaceae, Dracaenaceae, Convallariaceae and Eriospermaceae. Like many groups of lilioid monocots, the genera included here were once included in a wide interpretation of the family Liliaceae.

Genera

GenusFormer family placement(s) other than Ruscaceae s.l.
Aspidistra Ker Gawl.
(including Antherolophus Gagnep., Colania Gagnep.)
Convallariaceae
Beaucarnea Lem.Dracaenaceae, Agavaceae
Calibanus RoseDracaenaceae, Agavaceae
ComospermumAnthericaceae
Convallaria L.Convallariaceae
Danae Medik.Ruscaceae s.s.
Dasylirion Zucc.Dracaenaceae
Disporopsis HanceConvallariaceae
Disporum Salisb. ex D.DonConvallariaceae
Dracaena Vand. ex L.Dracaenaceae, Agavaceae
Eriospermum Jacq. ex Willd.Eriospermaceae
Gonioscypha BakerConvallariaceae
Heteropolygonatum M.N.Tamura & OgisuConvallariaceae
Liriope Lour.Convallariaceae
Maianthemum Weber
(including Oligobotrya Baker, Smilacina Desf.)
Convallariaceae
Nolina Michx.Dracaenaceae
Ophiopogon Ker Gawl.Convallariaceae
Peliosanthes AndrewsConvallariaceae
Pleomele Salisb.
(often included in Dracaena)
Dracaenaceae, Agavaceae
Polygonatum Mill.Convallariaceae
Reineckea KunthConvallariaceae
Rohdea RothConvallariaceae
Ruscus L.Ruscaceae s.s.
Sansevieria Thunb.Dracaenaceae
Semele KunthRuscaceae s.s.
Speirantha BakerConvallariaceae
Theropogon Maxim.Convallariaceae
Tricalistra Ridl.Convallariaceae
Tupistra Ker Gawl.
(including Campylandra Baker)
Convallariaceae


References and external links

  1. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x 
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