Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist and Dry Deciduous Forests"
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Miscellaneous Details

Timber is valued.
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Tree
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Distribution

"
Global Distribution

Tropical Himalaya, India and Myanmar

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Wayanad, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram

"
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"Karnataka: Belgaum, Chikmagalur, Coorg, Dharwar, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga Kerala: Thiruvananthapuram, Wynad Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram"
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Tropical Himalaya (Kumaun to Sikkim), India, Burma.
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Physical Description

Morphology

"
Field Tips

Flowers short-lived in dense showy masses. Bark light brown, thin, peeling in long scales.

Flower

In panicles, white. Flowering in May

Fruit

A capsule, three to four valves, woody. Seeds winged. Fruiting from June onwards; persistent.

Leaf Apices

Retuse

Leaf arrangement

Opposite

Leaf Bases

Cuneate

Leaf Margins

Entire

Leaf Shapes

Elliptic

Leaf Types

Simple

Habit

A large deciduous tree.

"
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Elevation Range

200-800 m
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Deciduous trees, to 15 m high; bark dark brown or greyish-black, vertically furrrowed, exfoliating in long, thin flakes; blaze dull yellow. Leaves simple, opposite; stipules intrapetiolar, deciduous; petiole to 5 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 3.5-7.5 x 2-3 cm, elliptic, obovate-elliptic or oblong, base round or acute, apex acute, acuminate or obtuse-retuse, margin entire, glabrous or shortly pubescent beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 2 mm across, white, fragrant, in lax axillary panicles; calyx tube 7 mm, campanulate, with a ring inside, smooth with out; lobes 6, to 3 mm, appressed to the capsule in fruit; petals 6, to 6 mm, ovate-suborbicular; claw 4 mm; stamens many, inserted near the base of the calyx tube, exserted; filaments to 1 cm; anthers 0.5 mm; ovary 2.5 mm, half inferior, sessile, glabrous, 4-6-celled, ovules many; style to 1 cm, curved; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule, 3 x 1.5 cm, 3-4 valved, ovoid, brown; seeds many; wing terminal with a thick curved back."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Tree
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Occasional on hills above 500m in the deciduous belt in full sun. Tropical Himalaya, India, Burma."
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General Habitat

Moist and dry deciduous forests
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: February-May
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