Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats, Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests"
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Climber
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Distribution

"
Global Distribution

North West Himalaya, Peninsular India and Sri Lanka

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Idukki, Kozhikkode

"
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"Maharashtra: Nasik, Satara Karnataka: Belgaum, Mysore Kerala: Kozhikode Tamil Nadu: Nilgiri"
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Distribution: tropical NW. Himalaya, Deccan Peninsula, 200-1000 m.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrub large, suberect, not twining or climbing; branchlets hairy. Leaves opposite, simple, variable in size, up to 18 cm long and 10 cm broad, ovate, acute or acuminate, soft-tomentose when young, later glabrate, leaf-base broadly rounded, sometimes cordate, nerves distinct beneath, lower divaricate; petiole 1-2.5 cm. Flowers fragrant, in lax trichotomous cymes; pedicels 5 mm. Bracts linear, up to 5 mm long. Calyx teeth 5-6, sometimes more, linear, 1-2 mm long. Corolla white, tube c. 1 cm long, lobes usually 9, 1-1.5 cm long, lanceolate, acute. Berry mostly simple, 1-1.5 cm long, ellipsoid, slightly bent, black when ripe.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Shrub large, suberect, not twining or climbing; branchlets hairy. Leaves opposite, simple, variable in size, up to 18 cm long and 10 cm broad, ovate, acute or acuminate, soft-tomentose when young, later glabrate, leaf-base broadly rounded, sometimes cordate, nerves distinct beneath, lower divaricate; petiole 1-2.5 cm. Flowers fragrant, in lax trichotomous cymes. Pedicels 5 mm. Bracts linear, up to 5 mm long. Calyx teeth 5-6, sometimes more, linear, 1-2 mm long. Corolla white, tube c. 1 cm long, lobes usually 9, 1-1.5 cm long, lanceolate, acute. Berry mostly simple, 1-1.5 cm long, ellipsoid, slightly bent, black when ripe."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Climbing Shrub
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: February-May
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Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: April-May.
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Notes

Comments

Sometimes cultivated.
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