Overview

Distribution

C and S Gansu, S Ningxia, E Qinghai, S Shaanxi, N Shanxi, W Sichuan, N Xinjiang, E Xizang, Yunnan [NE Kazakhstan, N Mongolia, Russia (NE European part, Siberia)].
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

European part of Russia (eastern regions), Siberia, Central Asia (Dzungarskiy Alatau, Tarbagatay, Tien Shan), northwestern China and Mongolia. Clearings in forests, meadows, slopes in the mountains.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Taproot deep. Flowering stems 60-120 cm. Leaves biternate, segments lanceolate, entire. Flowers solitary, purple-pink, 8-15 cm diam. During the peak of the flowering period the flowers are very numerous, covering the entire bush. V - early spring to mid autumn, in St. Petersburg Fl - May, Fr - July. P - by division and by seed sown immediately in mid summer. Come into flower in 3-4 years after sowing. Tolerates partial shade, grows best on rich soil in sunny places. A very attractive species. In cultivation since 1788, however poorly known today. Z 4 (3).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Description

Herbs perennial, to 1 m tall. Roots thick, attenuate toward tip, to 50 × 1.5 cm. Stems glabrous. Proximal leaves 2-ternate; leaflets pinnately segmented, base ± decurrent; segments sometimes lobed; segments and lobes linear to linear-lanceolate, 3.5--10 × 0.4--2.1 cm, abaxially usually glabrous, rarely hispid or hirsute along veins and at margin, adaxially hispid or hirsute along veins, apex acuminate. Flowers solitary and terminal, or 2--4 per shoot and both terminal and axillary, single, 7--14 cm wide, sometimes 1--3 underdeveloped flower buds also present in axils of distal leaves. Bracts 2--5, leaflike, unequal. Sepals 3 or 4, ovate-orbicular, 2--2.5 × 1.5--2 cm, apex always or mostly caudate. Petals 6--9, rose to red, very occasionally nearly white, oblong, 3--6.5 × 1.5--3 cm. Filaments 5--10 mm. Disc yellow, annular. Carpels 2--5, sparsely to densely brown-yellow hispid or hirsute, rarely glabrous. Stigma red. Follicles ovoid-ellipsoid, ca. 2--3.1 × 1--1.5 cm. Seeds black, glossy, oblong, ca. 6 × 4 mm. Fl. Apr--Jul, fr. Aug--Sep.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Forests, forest margin grasslands, scrub, subalpine and alpine meadows with shrubs; 1200--3900 m.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Paeonia anomala

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Paeonia anomala

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Paeonia anomala

Paeonia anomala has an immense range of wild habitat, stretching from the Ural Mountains of Russia to the Pamir Mountains of Central Asia, then to the Mongolian Gobi Desert and the Tien Shan Mountains of Kazakhstan.

P. anomala bears large red flowers in early summer and much divided foliage. The divided foliage turns orange in the fall, earning the species name "anomala" due to these unusual characteristics.

In garden cultivation, it requires full sun and well drained soil. [1]

Notes

  1. ^ Peonies: The Imperial Flower by Jane Fearnley-Whittingstall ISBN 0-297-82424-4
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Notes

Comments

Closely related to this species are P. intermedia C. A. Mey., with bright red flowers and leaves with linear-lanceolate segments and P. hybrida Pall., with crimson-red flowers (7-9 cm diam.) and leaves with linear segments (3-5 mm wide). Both occur in Siberia and Central Asia, where hybrids between these three species can be found. Z 4 (3). New.

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Comments

Hong et al. (Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32: 349–355. 1994) recognized two species of Paeonia in Xinjiang: P. anomala (including in synonymy P. intermedia ) and P. sinjiangensis (including in synonymy P. altaica ). In fact, P. sinjiangensis and P. altaica are both synonyms of P. anomala, whereas P. intermedia is a distinct species.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!