Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:19
Specimens with Sequences:18
Specimens with Barcodes:0
Species:5
Species With Barcodes:4
Public Records:18
Public Species:4
Public BINs:0
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Wikipedia

Balanophora

Balanophora is a genus of about 100 species[1] of parasitic plants in the family Balanophoraceae found in parts of tropical and temperate Asia, including the Malesia region, Pacific Islands, Madagascar and tropical Africa. Many species emit an odour which possibly attracts pollinators in the same way that pollinators are attracted to Rafflesia.

Balanophora species are used in folk medicine in many Asian cultures. For example, in China Balanophora is known as "She-Gu" (stone-fungus) and in Thailand as "Hoh-ra-tao-su-nak". In both cases, the plant is used to treat a variety of ailments. The tubers of Balanophora are rich in a wax-like substance which is used in Java as a fuel for torches.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus was first described in 1775 by Johann Reinhold Forster and his son Georg Forster in Characteres Generum Plantarum. The name is derived from the Ancient Greek balanus (βάλανος)= acorn[3] and Latin phora = bearing.

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Balanophora J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.". Tropicos.org.Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Beng, Jin Chee. "Balanophora : the hidden highland parasite with unexplored medicinal potential". academia.edu. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "Wiktionary". Wikipedia. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 


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