Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Indo - Chinese Region"
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Distribution

"Kerala: Kannur, Kasaragod Tamil Nadu: Dindigul"
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S Guangdong, Guangxi, SW Guizhou, Hainan, SW Sichuan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].
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Distribution: Pakistan (Rawalpindi, Hazara, Kashmir), N.W. to N.E. India, Bhutan, Burma, China and Japan, upto 2000 m along streams and valleys; cultivated elsewhere.
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Himalaya (N. Pakistan to N. Burma), N.E. India, S. China, Indo-China.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

A large shrub or small, evergreen tree, 3-10 m tall, with wide spreading crown. Trunk short, stout, c. 1.5 m in circumference, bark warty, pale-grey or, young twigs pubescent, hollow. Leaves with 2.5-10 (-15) cm long petiole; lamina broadly ovate to rotundate-ovate,10-30 (-36) cm long, (5-) 8-30 cm broad, 51-costate at the cordate base, entire or shallow toothed, acute to shortly acuminate or subobtuse, glabreacent to glabrous above, softly pubescent beneath, lateral nerves 34 pairs, bulging on both sides, intercostals almost parallel; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 12-25 (-30) mm long, softly hairy. Hypanthodia on 20-30 mm long, stout, pubescent peduncles, borne in bunches on leafless, short branchlets from trunk or main branches (cauliflorous), broadly binate turbinate or depressed globose, longitudinally 8.12-ribbed, 2-2.5 cm across, pubescent, subtended by 3, large, triangular-ovate basal bracts, apical orifice with 5-6 triangular bracts. Male flowers: sessile, ostiolar, in several whorls; large, inflated, imbricate; stamens 2 (-3), filaments much longer than anothers. Gall flowers in lower part of male hypanthodium, with 2-3-lobed calyx. Female flowers: subsessile to pedicellate; sepals united, 2-3-lobed; ovary with subterminal long hairy style, stigma dilated-cylindric. Figs depressed globose broadly turbinate, 3-7.5 cm in diameter, russet or purple-brown and speckled, ribbed, silky hairy.
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Elevation Range

250-1700 m
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Description

Trees, 4-10 m tall, crown elongated and wide, d.b.h. 10-15 cm; dioecious. Bark grayish brown, rough. Branchlets reddish brown, 1-1.5 cm thick, leafless in middle of stem, pubescent. Stipules reddish purple, triangular-ovate, 1.5-2 cm, adaxially shortly pubescent. Leaves alternate; petiole thick, 5-8 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate-cordate, 15-55 × (10-)15-27 cm, thickly papery, abaxially with short spreading pubescence, adaxially glabrous or puberulent on midvein or secondary veins, base cordate to occasionally rounded, margin regularly shallowly dentate, apex obtuse and mucronate; basal lateral veins 4-6, secondary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midvein, abaxially prominent, and adaxially slightly impressed or flat. Figs on specialized leafless branchlets at base of trunk and main branches, reddish brown, pear-shaped, depressed globose, or top-shaped, with 8-12 conspicuous longitudinal ridges, 3-5(-6) cm in diam., white, shortly pubescent when young, glabrescent when mature; peduncle (2-)4-6 cm, thick, pubescent; involucral bracts triangular-ovate; apical bracts in 4 or 5 rows, broadly triangular-ovate, imbricate, rosulate. Male flowers: sessile; calyx lobes 3, transparent, spatulate, thinly membranous; stamens 2; filaments long; anthers ovoid. Gall flowers: calyx lobes 3, apically free, ± covering ovary; style lateral, hairy; stigma enlarged. Female flowers: pedicellate or sessile; calyx lobes 3; ovary ovoid; style lateral, longer than in gall flowers, with hairs. Achenes with adherent liquid. Fl. Aug-Mar, fr. May-Aug.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Tree
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Ecology

Habitat

Forests in moist valleys; 100-1700(-2100) m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. & Fr. Per.: August-November.
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Wikipedia

Ficus auriculata

Ficus auriculata is a type of fig tree seen all over Asia[1] noted for its big and round leaves. This is used as fodder in Nepal. It is least resistant to fire, but likes good sunlight.[2] Ceratosolen emarginatus is the insect that helps to pollinate this plant. [3] [4]

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Notes

Comments

The young branches are usually lopped for fodder. The fruit is also eaten raw or cooked in curries.
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Comments

The fruit are edible.
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