The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ferguson, Douglas C. / Hodges, R. W., et al., eds. 2008. Geometroidea: Geometridae (part), Ennominae (Part - Abraxini, Cassymini, Macariini). The Moths of North America North of Mexico, fasc. 17.2. 430
  • Scoble, Malcolm J., ed. 1999. Geometrid moths of the world: a catalogue (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). 1016
  • Type: Dyar. 1916. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 51: 24.


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