Hypocysta adiante is a satyrine butterfly endemic to Australia. It is a small dainty species (wingspan ca. 3 cm), easily recognized by its orange color and broad dark-brown margins on the upperside (Braby 2000). The underside of the hindwing displays two prominent black eyespots (subtornal and apical) ringed with silver, a silver subterminal line and a small silver spot next to the subtornal eyespot.
Two subspecies are recognized: H. a. adiante occurs in the eastern parts of Queensland and New South Wales; while H. a. antirius occurs in the northern parts of the Northern Territory and Western Australia (Braby 2000).
These butterflies are usually found in open grassy habitats. Adults sip nectar from flowers and larvae feed on grasses (Braby 1995a,b, 2000).
- Braby, M. F. 1995a. Reproductive seasonality in tropical satyrine butterflies: strategies for the dry season. Ecological Entomology 20:5-17.
- Braby, M. F. 1995b. Larval and adult food plants for some tropical satyrine butterflies in northern Queensland. Australian Entomologist 22:5-13.
- Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia. Their Identification, Biology and Distribution. Volume 2. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hypocysta adiante
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 14
Species With Barcodes: 1
The Orange Ringlet (Hypocysta adiante) is a species of butterfly of the Nymphalidae family. It is found in Australia, including Queensland, New South Wales, the Northern Territory and the north of Western Australia.
The wingspan is about 30 mm. Adults have orange-brown wings, shading to dark brown at the margins. There is an eye-spot on each hindwing. The underside is similar to the upperside, but there are two eyespots on each hindwing.
The larvae feed on various Poaceae species, including Digitaria didactyla, Imperata cylindrica and Themeda triandra. They are pinkish-brown with dark longitudinal stripes. They tend to rest on a stem or leaf at the base of their food plant. Full-grown larvae are about 20 mm long. Pupation takes place in a mottled brown pupa which is attached to the food plant.
- Hypocysta adiante adiante (Torres Strait Islands, Cape York to Sydney)
- Hypocysta adiante antirius Butler, 1868 (Darwin region)
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