Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Sympetrum striolatum is common and widespread from Europe to Japan and around the Mediterranean.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Sympetrum striolatum inhabits a wide range of habitats, especially preferring warm, stagnant waters. These are often shallow and bare; this species is a pioneer of newly created ponds. Occasionally found in flowing or brackish waters.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Sympetrum striolatum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 26 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

GGAGGGTTTGGAAACTGACTAGTACCACTAATA---TTAGGTGCACCAGATATGGCTTTCCCTCGATTAAATAACATAAGCTTTTGACTTCTACCACCCTCATTTACCCTTCTTTTGGCAAGTAGAATAGTTGAAAGAGGGGCAGGAACAGGATGAACTGTTTACCCTCCTTTAGCTGGTGCCATCGCCCATGCTGGAGCGTCTGTAGACCTA---ACTATTTTTTCGCTGCATCTTGCAGGAGTATCATCAATTTTGGGAGCAATTAATTTTATTACTACAGTAATTAATATAAAATCTCCTGGTATAAAATTGGATCAGATACCACTATTCGTATGAGCGGTAGTAATTACTGCAGTACTACTTCTCTTGTCACTACCTGTTCTGGCTGGA---GCTATCACCATATTATTAACCGATCGAAATATTAATACATCATTCTTTGATCCAGCTGGGGGAGGAGACCCTATTCTTTATCAACACTTATTCTGGTTTTTCGGGCACCCTGAAGTATACATTTTAATTTTGCCTGGTTTCGGAATAATTTCTCATATTATTGCACAAGAAAGAGGTAAAAAG---GAAACATTTGGAGTACTTGGTATAATTTATGCTATAGTAGCTATTGGAATTTTAGGTTTTGTTGTATGAGCACATCACATATTTACAGTAGGTATAGATGTAGATACTCGTGCATACTTCACCTCTGCCACAATGGTAATTGCTGTACCAACGGGAATCAAGATTTTTAGATGGTTG---GCTACACTTCATGGCACT---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CAA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sympetrum striolatum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 26
Specimens with Barcodes: 28
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2009

Assessor/s
Clausnitzer, V.

Reviewer/s
Kalkman, V. & Suhling. F. (Odonata Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
Sympetrum striolatum is widespread and common over a large range. Although it maybe experiencing natural habitat degradation, it does not appear to affect the size of the global population yet but further research into the demographics of this species is needed.
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Population

Population
This species is thought to be common throughout its range although detailed numbers are lacking and so to are trends.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
One of the ongoing threats affecting the habitat of Sympetrum striolatum is crop production and the associated water pollution also has a direct effect on the quality of the habitat of this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Research into population numbers and trends of Sympetrum striolatum are underway although more extensive studies are needed, so to are conservation measures to prevent habitat loss as none are in place at present.
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Wikipedia

Common Darter

The common darter (Sympetrum striolatum) is a dragonfly of the family Libellulidae native to Eurasia. It is one of the most common dragonflies in Europe, occurring in a wide variety of water bodies, though with a preference for breeding in still water such as ponds and lakes. In the south of its range adults are on the wing all year round.

Appearance[edit]

Sympetrum species are not easy to tell apart and in most areas more than one Sympetrum species will occur. Females and teneral individuals have light yellow thorax and abdomen. Males turn red as they mature. Females darken with age, becoming a dark chocolate brown, and sometimes develop a blue colouration to the bottom of the abdomen. The wings also develop a brown tinge with age. In all cases the legs have a cream or yellow stripe on a black background - this is a diagnostic feature of this species.

Behaviour[edit]

Adults can be seen on the wing all year round in southern Europe but in northern regions they occur from June to November.

This small dragonfly is seen in a wide variety of habitats, including lakes, ponds, canals and slow-flowing rivers. They are ambush predators, waiting on a prominent perch - such as a leaf or the top of a gate, until prey fly past, whereupon they will fly after it. They are territorial on breeding waters, often attempting to chase much bigger dragonflies away such as southern hawkers. This habit of repeatedly returning to a sunny spot allows you to easily predict where they are going to land, which is why it is one of the easiest dragonflies to photograph.

Male hunting and returning to a favoured perch in a meadow

In suitable hunting areas away from water, however, they are not territorial: large numbers may assemble - groups of several hundred in a single field have been recorded - and lines of insects can be seen along the top of field gates.

Eggs are not laid, but broadcast from the air: the male holds the female in tandem and swings her down and forward over water at a height of around 40 cm. At the furthest point of the arc the female releases some of her eggs to fall on the water.

Conservation status[edit]

In flight

This is one of the most abundant dragonflies in Europe, and populations show no evidence of decline.

Highland darter[edit]

A taxon named the highland darter used to be considered a separate species, Sympetrum nigrescens. It is found in Ireland, Scotland and Norway. It may be the same taxon as the island darter, formally S. nigrifemur, both being a subspecies of S. striolatum.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Sympetrum nigrescens". National Museums Northern Ireland. 2000. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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