Distribution in Egypt
Mountainous Southern Sinai.
Macaronesia, West and South Europe, North Africa, East Mediterranean region, Cyprus, Sinai, Arabia.
Height: 10-50 cm.
larva of Cheilosia semifasciata mines wilted leaf of Umbilicus rupestris
Foodplant / saprobe
immersed pseudothecium of Lewia scrophulariae is saprobic on dead stem of Umbilicus rupestris
In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / spot causer
numerous, loosely gregarious pycnidium of Phyllosticta coelomycetous anamorph of Phyllosticta umbilici causes spots on fading stalk of Umbilicus rupestris
Remarks: season: 7
Foodplant / parasite
often in rings telium of Puccinia umbilici parasitises live petiole of Umbilicus rupestris
Other: major host/prey
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Umbilicus rupestris
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Umbilicus rupestris
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
Umbilicus rupestris (Navelwort, Penny-pies, Wall Pennywort) is a fleshy, perennial, edible flowering plant in the stonecrop family Crassulaceae (in the genus Umbilicus) so named for its umbilicate (navel-like) leaves.
Both the name "navelwort" and the scientific name "Umbilicus" come from the round shape of the leaves, which have a navel-like depression in the center.
Distribution[edit source | edit]
The plant is found in southern and western Europe, often growing on shady walls or in damp rock crevices that are sparse in other plant growth (thus, "wall" pennywort), where its succulent leaves develop in rosettes.
It is not at present under threat.
Medicinal Usage[edit source | edit]
Umbilicus rupestris is not the same "Pennywort" as the one used in Asian medicine, which is the unrelated Asiatic Pennywort, Centella asiatica.
Umbilicus rupestris is "used" in homeopathic medicine. Navelwort is referred to as Cotyledon umbilicus by Homeopaths, since that was the original scientific name of navelwort when Homeopathy was developed.
Navelwort is also assumed to be the "Kidneywort" referred to by Nicholas Culpepper in the English Physician, although it may actually refer to the unrelated Anemone hepatica. Culpepper used astrology, rather than science, to classify herbs, and as such is not a reliable source. He claimed: "the juice or the distilled water being drank, is very effectual for all inflammations and unnatural heats, to cool a fainting hot stomach, a hot liver, or the bowels: the herb, juice, or distilled water thereof, outwardly applied, heals pimples, St. Anthony's fire, and other outward heats. The said juice or water helps to heal sore kidneys, torn or fretted by the stone, or exulcerated within; it also provokes urine, is available for the dropsy, and helps to break the stone. Being used as a bath, or made into an ointment, it cools the painful piles or hæmorrhoidal veins. It is no less effectual to give ease to the pains of the gout, the sciatica, and helps the kernels or knots in the neck or throat, called the king's evil: healing kibes and chilblains if they be bathed with the juice, or anointed with ointment made thereof, and some of the skin of the leaf upon them: it is also used in green wounds to stay the blood, and to heal them quickly."
Properties[edit source | edit]
- Vulnerary : The plant is sometimes employed to ease pain on scratches by applying the leaf to the skin after removing the lower cuticle.
References[edit source | edit]
-  Lockton, A.J. (2009-12-05). Species account: Umbilicus rupestris. Botanical Society of the British Isles, http://www.bsbi.org.uk
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