The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arctander, P., C. Johansen, and M.-A. Coutellec-Vreto. 1999. Phylogeography of three closely related African bovids (Tribe Alcelaphini). Molecular Biology and Evolution 16:1724-1739.
  • Essop, M. F., E. H. Harley, and I. Baumgarten. 1997. A molecular phylogeny of some Bovidae based on restriction-site mapping of mitochondrial DNA. Journal of Mammalogy 78:377-386.
  • Fernández, M. H. and E. S. Vrba. 2005. A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species-level supertree of the extant ruminants. Biological Reviews 80(2):269-302.
  • Gatesy, J., G. Amato, E. S. Vrba, G. Schaller, and R. Desalle. 1997. A cladistic analysis of mitochondrial ribosomal DNA from the Bovidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7:303-319.
  • Grobler, J. P. and F. H. Van Der Bank. 1995. Allozyme divergence among four representatives of the subfamily Alcelaphinae (family: Bovidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B Biochemisty and Molecular Biology 112:303-308.
  • Matthee, C. A. and T. J. Robinson. 1999. Cytochrome b phylogeny of the family bovidae: resolution within the Alcelaphini, Antilopini, Neotragini, and Tragelaphini. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12:31-46.
  • McKenna, M. C. and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Pitra, C., R. A. Kock, R. R. Hofmann, and D. Lieckfeldt. 1998. Molecular phylogeny of the critically endandered Hunter's antelope (Beatragus hunteri Sclater 1889). Journal of Zoology and Evolutionary Research 36:179-184.
  • Vrba, E. S. 1979. Phylogenetic analysis and classification of fossil and recent Alcelaphini Mammalia: Bovidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 11:207-228.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142


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