The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Birungi, J. and P. Arctander. 2000. Large sequence divergence of mitochondrial DNA genotypes of the control region within populations of the African antelope, kob (Kobus kob). Molecular Ecology 9:1997–2008.
  • Birungi, J. and P. Arctander. 2001. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of the Reduncini (Artiodactyla : Bovidae) inferred from the analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 8:125-147.
  • Fernández, M. H. and E. S. Vrba. 2005. A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species-level supertree of the extant ruminants. Biological Reviews 80(2):269-302.
  • Gatesy, J., G. Amato, E. S. Vrba, G. Schaller, and R. Desalle. 1997. A cladistic analysis of mitochondrial ribosomal DNA from the Bovidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 7:303-319.
  • Hassanin, A. and E. J. P. Douzery. 1999. The tribal radiation of the family Bovidae (Artiodactyla) and the evolution of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 13:227-243.
  • Vrba, E. S., J. R. Vaisnys, J. E. Gatesy, R. Desalle, and K.-Y. Wei. 1994. Analysis of paedomorphosis using allometric characters: the example of Reduncini antelopes (Bovidae, Mammalia). Systematic Biology 43:92-116.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!