Ecology

Associations

Plant / resting place / among
Aegialia arenaria may be found among bases of Magnoliopsida

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / feeds on
Aeolothrips intermedius feeds on flower of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Alosterna tabacicolor visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 4-8

Plant / hibernates / within
prepupa? of Ametastegia glabrata hibernates inside soft wood of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Anastrangalia sanguinolenta visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 6-7

Foodplant / pathogen
Aphelenchoides fragariae infects and damages crumpled, distorted leaf of Magnoliopsida
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / sap sucker
Aphis fabae sucks sap of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Aphodius ater may be found in decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / debris feeder
larva of Aphodius distinctus feeds on decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Aphodius fimetarius may be found in decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / debris feeder
larva of Aphodius foetidus feeds on decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Aphodius granarius may be found in decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / debris feeder
larva of Aphodius prodromus feeds on decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / debris feeder
larva of Aphodius pusillus feeds on decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Aphodius putridus may be found in decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Aphodius sphacelatus may be found in decomposing debris of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / debris feeder
larva of Aphodius subterraneus feeds on decomposing debris, compost of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / pathogen
Arabis Mosaic virus infects and damages Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / sap sucker
Aulacorthum solani sucks sap of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
Bagous tempestivus feeds on Magnoliopsida
Remarks: Other: uncertain

Foodplant / internal feeder
Blaniulus guttulatus feeds within corm of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / sap sucker
Brachycaudus helichrysi sucks sap of live, stunted, distorted Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Bruchidius olivaceus feeds on pollen of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 6-9

Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Bruchus rufimanus feeds on pollen? of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-6(-8)

Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Bruchus rufipes feeds on pollen? of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: (late 3-)5-6(-11)

Plant / resting place / on
Chaetanaphothrips orchidii may be found on live Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
puparium of Chromatomyia horticola may be found in leaf-mine (end of) of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / miner
larva of Chromatomyia syngenesiae mines leaf of Magnoliopsida
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / visitor
adult of Chrysopidae visits for nectar and/or pollen flowers of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Coprinellus subdisseminatus is saprobic on dead stick of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / pathogen
Dematophora anamorph of Dematophora necatrix infects and damages root of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / pathogen
Ditylenchus dipsaci infects and damages live Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Drymeia hamata visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Other: sole host/prey

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Erythricium laetum is saprobic on old, dead debris of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Euheptaulacus villosus may be found in rotten Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
Frankliniella intonsa feeds on live flower of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
Frankliniella occidentalis feeds on petal of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / sap sucker
Gonocerus acuteangulatus sucks sap of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Grammoptera abdominalis visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: end 4-8

Foodplant / visitor
Grammoptera ruficornis visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 4-7

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Grammoptera ustulata visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: (4-) early 6 (-8)

Foodplant / saprobe
Helicobasidium longisporum is saprobic on root of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis feeds on Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Heptaulacus testudinarius may be found in rotten Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / on
Hercinothrips bicinctus may be found on live Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / on
Hercinothrips femoralis may be found on live Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
imago of Hylobius abietis feeds on bark of tree (young) of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Judolia sexmaculata visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 6-8

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Leptura aurulenta visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 6-8

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Leptura quadrifasciata visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-9

Foodplant / open feeder
Longidorus grazes on root of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / sap sucker
Macrosiphum euphorbiae sucks sap of Magnoliopsida

Plant / associate
fruitbody of Marasmius corbariensis is associated with dead, fallen leaf of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / gall
Meloidogyne causes gall of root of Magnoliopsida
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / debris feeder
larva of Musca domestica feeds on decaying debris of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / sap sucker
Myzus ascalonicus sucks sap of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / sap sucker
Myzus ornatus sucks sap of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / sap sucker
Myzus persicae sucks sap of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / parasite
Olpidium brassicae parasitises live root of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Orsodacne cerasi feeds on anther of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 4-9

Foodplant / miner
larva of Orthochaetes insignis mines leaf of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / miner
larva of Orthochaetes setiger mines leaf of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / open feeder
subterranean larva of Otiorhynchus sulcatus grazes on root of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / within
imago of Oxyomus sylvestris may be found in refuse of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Pachytodes cerambyciformis visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 6-8

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Paracorymbia fulva visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 6-8

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Phlebiella paludicola is saprobic on dead, decayed leaf of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
superficial, clustered pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph of Phoma glomerata feeds on Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph of Phoma macrostoma feeds on Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph of Phoma violacea feeds on Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Physalacria stilboidea is saprobic on dead, fallen, decayed leaf of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / pathogen
Pratylenchus infects and damages root of Magnoliopsida
Other: minor host/prey

Plant / hibernates / within
prepupa of Protoemphytus tener hibernates inside soft wood of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Psathyrella noli-tangere is saprobic on dead, fallen, decayed leaves of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Psathyrella spadiceogrisea is saprobic on dead, decaying debris of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: Spring and Autumn

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Pseudovadonia livida visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-9

Foodplant / saprobe
Rhizophydium sphaerotheca is saprobic on dead pollen grain of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / pathogen
Rhizopus stolonifer infects and damages fruit of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / open feeder
nocturnal larva of Rhogogaster viridis grazes on leaf of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: Other: uncertain

Foodplant / sap sucker
Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae sucks sap of live leaf of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: summer

Foodplant / sap sucker
adult of Rhyparochromus pini sucks sap of seed of Magnoliopsida

Plant / resting place / among
Rhyssemus germanus may be found among bases of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Rutpela maculata visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-9

Foodplant / saprobe
erumpent to superficial perithecium of Scopinella solani is saprobic on decaying litter of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 12-8

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Sistotrema subtrigonospermum is saprobic on dead, decayed litter of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Stenurella melanura visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-9

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Stenurella nigra visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-7

Foodplant / visitor
imago of Stictoleptura rubra visits for nectar and/or pollen flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: (5)7-8(9)

Foodplant / feeds on
Taeniothrips atratus feeds on Magnoliopsida

Plant / associate
imago of Tenthredinidae is associated with flower of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / open feeder
nocturnal larva of Tenthredo mesomelas grazes on leaf of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: Other: uncertain

Foodplant / web feeder
mainly hypophyllous, colonial Tetranychus cinnabarinum feeds from web on live leaf of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / web feeder
mainly hypophyllous, colonial Tetranychus urticae feeds from web on live leaf of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Thrips atratus feeds on live flower of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-10

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Thrips flavus feeds on pollen of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 7-9

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Thrips fuscipennis feeds on pollen of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-8

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Thrips major feeds on pollen of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-9

Plant / resting place / on
larva of Thrips tabaci may be found on live Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 1-12

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Thrips vulgatissimus feeds on pollen of Magnoliopsida
Remarks: season: 5-9

Foodplant / open feeder
Trichodorus grazes on root of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / saprobe
fruitbody of Typhula hollandii is saprobic on dead, decayed debris of Magnoliopsida

Foodplant / open feeder
Xiphinema grazes on root of Magnoliopsida

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Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Vein system resilient to damage: plants
 

The vein systems in some plant leaves are resilient to damage because they contain a high density of closed, interconnected loops.

     
  "Leaf venation is a pervasive example of a complex biological network,  endowing leaves with a transport system and mechanical resilience.  Transport networks optimized for efficiency have been shown to be trees,  i.e., loopless. However, dicotyledon leaf venation has a large number  of closed loops, which are functional and able to transport fluid in the  event of damage to any vein, including the primary veins. Inspired by  leaf venation, we study two possible reasons for the existence of a high  density of loops in transport networks: resilience to damage and  fluctuations in load. In the first case, we seek the optimal transport  network in the presence of random damage by averaging over damage to  each link. In the second case, we seek the network that optimizes  transport when the load is sparsely distributed: at any given time most  sinks are closed. We find that both criteria lead to the presence of  loops in the optimum state." (Katifori et al. 2010:048704)

  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
  • Katifori E; Szöllősi GJ; Magnasco MO. 2010. Damage and fluctuations induce loops in optimal transport networks. Physical Review Letters. 104(4): 048704 - 048708.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:209018
Specimens with Sequences:255485
Specimens with Barcodes:165583
Species:60129
Species With Barcodes:57428
Public Records:153564
Public Species:48177
Public BINs:0
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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