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Vigna

For the surname, see Vigna (surname).

Vigna is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, with a pantropical distribution.[1] It includes some well-known cultivated species, including many types of beans. Some are former members of the genus Phaseolus. According to Hortus Third, Vigna differs from Phaseolus in biochemistry and pollen structure, and in details of the style and stipules.

Vigna are herbs or occasionally subshrubs. The leaves are pinnate, divided into 3 leaflets. The inflorescence is a raceme of yellow, blue, or purple pea flowers. The fruit is a legume pod of varying shape containing seeds.[2]

Familiar food species incluse the azuki bean (V. angularis), the black gram (V. mungo), the cowpea (V. unguiculata), and the mung bean, which is used as a whole bean, a bean paste, or as bean sprouts.

The genus is named after Domenico Vigna, a seventeenth-century Italian botanist and director of the Orto botanico di Pisa.[3]

Selected species[edit]

The genus Vigna contains at least 90 species,[1][2][4] including:

Subgenus Ceratotropis[edit]

Subgenus Haydonia[edit]

Subgenus Lasiospron[edit]

Subgenus Vigna[edit]

Incertae Sedis[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Aitawade, M. M., et al. (2012). Section Ceratotropis of subgenus Ceratotropis of Vigna (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae) in India with a new species from northern Western Ghats. Rheedea 22(1), 20-27.
  2. ^ a b Vigna. Flora of China.
  3. ^ Charters, M. Plant Names T-Z. The Eponym Dictionary of Southern African Plants.
  4. ^ Delgado-Salinas A, Thulin M, Pasquet R, Weeden N, Lavin M. (2011). "Vigna (Leguminosae) sensu lato: the names and identities of the American segregate genera". Am J Bot 98 (10): 1694–715. doi:10.3732/ajb.1100069. PMID 21980163. 

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