The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Paratype: Smith, H. M. 1942. Zoologica. 27 (3+4): 104.
- Rossman, D. A., N. B. Ford, and R. A. Seigel. 1996. The Garter Snakes: Evolution and Ecology. v + 332
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