Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Prefers still or slow-flowing water and dense vegetation. Feeds primarily on insects, small snails and other invertebrates and occasionally small fish. A female mouthbrooder, breeds in summer (Ref. 7248).
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Distribution

Range Description

Okavango, Upper Zambezi and Kafue systems (Skelton 2001). Not found in Upper Zambezi surveys by Tweddle et al. (2004).
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Southern Africa.
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Africa: uncommon; Okavango River, upper Zambezi River and the Kafue River (Namibia, Zambia and Botswana).
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Southern Africa.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 300 mm SL
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Maximum size: 300 mm SL
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Max. size

30.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248))
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Prefers still or slow-flowing water and dense vegetation. Feeds primarily on insects, small snails and other invertebrates (Skelton 2001).

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

demersal; freshwater
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2007

Assessor/s
Tweddle, D.

Reviewer/s
Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority) & Darwall, W. (Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Unit)

Contributor/s

Justification
Widespread and fairly common in the Okavango Delta (R. Bills, pers. comm.), though rare elsewhere in the Upper Zambezi system.
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Population

Population
Not known.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
None known.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species has little protection, other than in some reserves in the Okavango Delta and Kafue National Park.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
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