The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Allen, G. R. 1985. Snappers of the World: An Annotated and Illustrated Cataloque of Lutjanid Species Known to Date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis, no. 125, vol. 6. vi + 208
- Johnson, G. David. 1980. The limits and relationships of the Lutjanidae and associated families. Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, vol. 24. 1-114
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600