The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- WoRMS (2015). Percoidei. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=151751
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