Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in coral reef of inshore waters. Benthic species (Ref. 75154). Females carry the eggs in their pelvic fins that are modified to form a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific.
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Indo-Pacific: from Maldives to the Marshall Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16 - 18; Analsoft rays: 17 - 19; Vertebrae: 32
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Size

Max. size

4.69 cm SL (female)
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Diagnostic Description

This species is distinguished by the following characters: short dorsal, pelvic and caudal fins; truncate or slightly rounded caudal fin; fin membranes entire; olfactory rosette in females with a small dorsal patch of a nasal lamellae, males with a larger patch filling about half of the nasal cavity; no premaxillary spine; fin counts low; multifid dermal papillae; color in live individuals pale green with lighter mottling, spinous dorsal fin membrane between 2 anteriormost spines typically with large black blotches and body with scattered dark spot; small size at maturity, females with eggs 34.3-46.9 mm (Ref .57851).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range ? - 23 m (Ref. 57851)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Pelvic fins of females are modified as brood pouch for the reception of the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Solenostomus halimeda

Thee Halimeda ghost pipefish, Solenostomus halimeda, is a species of false pipefishes belonging to the family Solenostomidae.

Contents

Description[edit]

Solenostomus halimeda can reach a length of 6.5 cm (2.6 in),[1] and is the smallest of the ghost pipefishes. Its body is most often green, but can be red or any other color of the algae or coral in which it is hiding. This cryptic species looks very similar to the macroalga Halimeda. This uncommon species is related to pipefishes and seahorses. It can be distinguished by its large head that is about the same length as the rest of its body. The caudal fin is small and similar in form and size to the dorsal and pectoral fins.

Behavior[edit]

These fish float nearly motionless, with their mouths facing downwards, around a background that makes them nearly impossible to see. They feed on tiny crustaceans, sucked inside through their long snouts. Unlike true pipefish, female Halimeda ghost pipefish carry their fertilised eggs between their pelvic fins, which are modified to form a brood pouch, until the eggs are ready to hatch.[2]

Distribution[edit]

This species lives in the Indian Ocean and in the Western Indo-Pacific, from the Maledives to the Marshall Islands.

Habitat[edit]

The Halimeda ghost pipefish is reef-associated and lives at depths up to 23 m (75 ft).

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Rudie H. Kuiter: Seepferdchen, Seenadeln, Fetzenfische und ihre Verwandten, 2001, Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, ISBN 3-8001-3244-3]
  2. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Solenostomus-halimeda.html
  • Debelius H. Indian Ocean Reef Guide. Frankfurt: IKAN Unterwasserarchiv, 2006. Page 63.
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