Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus — Literature

Three-spined Stickleback learn more about names for this taxon

The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (March, 2003) External link.
  • 2. Cihar, J. (1991) A field guide in colour to freshwater fish. Silverdale Books, Leicester.
  • 3. Tyler-Walters, H., (2003) Gasterosteus aculeatus. Three-spined stickleback. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. (January, 2003) External link.
  • 4. Buczacki, S. (2002) Fauna Britannica. Hamlyn, London.
  • 5. Fishbase Species Account (January, 2003) External link.
  • Arnoult, J., 1986; Bigelow, H.B. and Schroeder, W.C., 1953; Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983; McPhail, J.D., 1969; Morrow, J.E., 1980; Muus, B.J. and J.G. Nielsen, 1999; Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991; Safran, P., 1990; Safran, P. and M. Omori, 1990; Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman, 1973.
  • Bailly, N. (2014). Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Evermann, Barton Warren; Goldsborough, Edmund Lee. 1907. Fishes of Alaska. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries, vol. 26, 1906; Fig.23
  • Froese R. & Pauly D. (eds) (2013). FishBase (version Feb 2013). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp. External link.
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino. 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text).
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