The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- Pisc. Brazil., 2.
- Schomburgk, R. H. 1852. Fishes of British Guiana, Part I. Edinburgh, Scotland : W. H. Lizars. Naturalist's Library, vol.39; Facing page 130
- Sonia Fisch-Muller 2003. Subfamily Ancistrinae. Pp. 71-84. In: Reis, R. E. , S. O. Kullander & C. J. Ferraris Jr. (Eds.) Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 742p.
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