The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
  • Pisc. Brazil., 2.
  • Sonia Fisch-Muller 2003. Subfamily Ancistrinae. Pp. 71-84. In: Reis, R. E. , S. O. Kullander & C. J. Ferraris Jr. (Eds.) Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre, Edipucrs, 742p.


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