The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • de Pinna, Mário C. C., and Wolmar Wosiacki / Reis, Roberto E., Sven O. Kullander, et al., eds. 2003. Family Trichomycteridae (Pencil or parasitic catfishes). Check List of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. 270-290


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