The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Böhlke, E. B., J. E. Böhlke, M. M. Leiby, J. E. McCosker, et al. / Böhlke, Eugenia B., ed. 1989. Orders Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, no. 1, pt. 9, vol. 1. xvii + 1-656
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600


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