Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Chondrichthyes is prey of:
Chondrichthyes
Phocidae
Scombridae
Epinephelinae
Aves
Homo sapiens

Based on studies in:
unknown (epipelagic zone, Tropical)
South Africa, Southwest coast (Marine)
Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico-Virgin Islands shelf (Reef)
USA, Northeastern US contintental shelf (Coastal)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • N. V. Parin, Ichthyofauna of the Epipelagic Zone (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1970; U.S. Department of Commerce Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, VA 22151), from p. 154.
  • Link J (2002) Does food web theory work for marine ecosystems? Mar Ecol Prog Ser 230:1–9
  • Opitz S (1996) Trophic interactions in Caribbean coral reefs. ICLARM Tech Rep 43, Manila, Philippines
  • Yodzis P (2000) Diffuse effects in food webs. Ecology 81:261–266
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Known prey organisms

Chondrichthyes preys on:
Mola mola
Cephalopoda
Thunninae
Alepisaurus
Istiophoridae
Chondrichthyes
Penaeidae
Mugilidae
Actinopterygii
Rajiformes
Archosargus probatocephalus
benthic carnivores
mesozooplankton
macrozooplankton
gelatinous zooplankton
Engraulidae
Clupeidae
Etrumeus teres
Gonostomatidae
Diaphus splendidus
Callogobius atratus
Trachurus
Scomber japonicus
Merluccius
Scombridae
Thyrsites atun
Argyrosomus hololepoditus
Seriola
Atractoscion aequidens
Cetacea
Aves
Phocidae
Carangidae
Hemiramphidae
zooplankton
Kyphosidae
decomposers/microfauna
phytoplankton
organic stuff
Epinephelinae
Scaridae
benthic autotrophs
Blenniidae
Cheloniidae
Octopus
Decapoda
Stomatopoda
Anomura
Echinoidea
Gastropoda
Scaphopoda
Neoloricata
Priapula
Polychaeta
Ophiuroidea
Hemichordata
Holothuroidea
Echiuroidea
Sipunculidae
Bivalvia
Ammodytes marinus
Clupea harengus
Alosa pseudoharengus
Scomber
Peprilus triacanthus
Actinonaias ellipsiformis
Tridonta arctica
Pollachius pollachius
Merluccius bilinearis
Urophycis regia
Urophycis tenuis
Urophycis chuss
Gadidae
Melanogrammus aeglefinus
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus
Leucoraja erinacea
Triglidae
Sebastes marinus
Pleuronectes ferrugineus
Scophthalmus aquosus
Paralichthys dentatus
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
Hippoglossina oblonga
Pleuronectes americanus
Hippoglossoides platessoides
Hippoglossus hippoglossus
Mustelus canis
Squalus acanthias
Lophius americanus
Cynoscion
Pomatomus saltatrix
Dasyatidae
Urolophidae
Plesiobatidae
Hexatrygonidae
Gymnuridae
Coris aygula
Larus canus
Eubalaena glacialis
Arctocephalus australis
Arctocephalus philippii
Phoca largha
Monachus tropicalis

Based on studies in:
unknown (epipelagic zone, Tropical)
South Africa, Southwest coast (Marine)
Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico-Virgin Islands shelf (Reef)
USA, Northeastern US contintental shelf (Coastal)
USA: Florida (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • W. M. Kemp, W. H. B. Smith, H. N. McKellar, M. E. Lehman, M. Homer, D. L. Young and H. T. Odum, Energy cost-benefit analysis applied to power plants near Crystal River, Florida. In: Ecosystem Modeling in Theory and Practice: An Introduction with Case His
  • N. V. Parin, Ichthyofauna of the Epipelagic Zone (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 1970; U.S. Department of Commerce Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, VA 22151), from p. 154.
  • Link J (2002) Does food web theory work for marine ecosystems? Mar Ecol Prog Ser 230:1–9
  • Opitz S (1996) Trophic interactions in Caribbean coral reefs. ICLARM Tech Rep 43, Manila, Philippines
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Yodzis P (2000) Diffuse effects in food webs. Ecology 81:261–266
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

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