The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. xiii + 992
- D. L. Pawson. 1966. Phylogeny and evolution of holothuroids. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U. Echinodermata 3. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press 2:U641-U646