Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Echiuroidea (holothuroids/sipunculids/echiuroids/hemichordates) is prey of:
Chondrichthyes
Actinopterygii
organic stuff
Decapoda
Stomatopoda
Anomura
Asteroidea
Echinoidea
Gastropoda

Based on studies in:
Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico-Virgin Islands shelf (Reef)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • Opitz S (1996) Trophic interactions in Caribbean coral reefs. ICLARM Tech Rep 43, Manila, Philippines
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:22Public Records:8
Specimens with Sequences:11Public Species:0
Specimens with Barcodes:11Public BINs:6
Species:3         
Species With Barcodes:2         
          
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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:22Public Records:8
Specimens with Sequences:11Public Species:0
Specimens with Barcodes:11Public BINs:6
Species:3         
Species With Barcodes:2         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Echiuroidea

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Echiuroinea

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