The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • D'Haese, C. 2002. Were the first springtails semi-aquatic? A phylogenetic approach by means of 28S rDNA and optimization alignment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 269:1143-1151.
  • D'Haese, C. 2003. Morphological appraisal of Collembola phylogeny with special emphasis on Poduromorpha and a test of the aquatic origin hypothesis. Zoologica Scripta 32:563–586.
  • D'Haese, C. 2004. Homology and morphology in Poduromorpha (Hexapoda, Collembola). European Journal of Entomology 101 (3): 385-407.
  • Dell'Ampio, E., A. Carapelli and F. Frati. 2002. Secondary structure and sequence variation of the 28S rRNA gene in the Neanuridae, and its utility as a phylogenetic marker. Pedobiologia 46 (3-4): 274-283.
  • Hopkin, S. P. 1997. Biology of the Springtails (Insecta: Collembola). Oxford University Press. 330 pp.
  • Lee, B.-H., U.-W. Hwang, W. Kim, K.-H. Park, and J.-T. Kim. 1995. Phylogenetic study of the suborder Arthropleona (Insecta: Collembola) based on morphological characters and 18S rDNA sequence analysis. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 64:261–277.
  • Nardi, F., A. Carapelli, P. P. Fanciulli, R. Dallai, and F. Frati. 2001. The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the basal Hexapod Tetrodontophora bielanensis: Evidence for heteroplasmy and tRNA translocations. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18:1293-1304.
  • Xiong, Y., Y. Gao, W. Yin, and Y. Luan. 2008. Molecular phylogeny of Collembola inferred from ribosomal RNA genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49(3):728-735.


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