The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bretfeld, G. 1994. Sturmius epiphytus n. gen. n. spec. from Colombia, a taxon of the Symphypleona (Insecta, Collembola) with an unexpected character combination. Description and position in non-Linnean and Linnean classifications of the Symphypleona. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 32:264-281.
  • Christiansen, K. and E. Pike. 2002. Cretaceous Collembola (Arthropoda, Hexapoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Canada. Cretaceous Research 23:165-188.
  • D'Haese, C. 2002. Were the first springtails semi-aquatic? A phylogenetic approach by means of 28S rDNA and optimization alignment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 269:1143-1151.
  • Dallai, R., P. P. Fanciulli, A. Carapelli, and F. Frati. 2001. Aberrant spermatogenesis and sex determination in Bourletiellidae (Hexapoda, Collembola), and their evolutionary significance. Zoomorphology 120:237-245.
  • Fjellberg, A. 1989. Redescription of Mackenziella psocoides Hammer, 1953 and discussion of its systematic position (Collembola, Mackenziellidae). Pages 93-105 in Proceedings of the Third International Seminar on Apterygota. R. Dallai, ed. University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
  • Hopkin, S. P. 1997. Biology of the Springtails (Insecta: Collembola). Oxford University Press. 330 pp.
  • Xiong, Y., Y. Gao, W. Yin, and Y. Luan. 2008. Molecular phylogeny of Collembola inferred from ribosomal RNA genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49(3):728-735.


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