Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 5 specimens in 5 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 5 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 77 - 448
  Temperature range (°C): 13.929 - 19.650
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.577 - 15.954
  Salinity (PPS): 34.972 - 36.065
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.234 - 5.165
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 1.019
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.199 - 6.630

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 77 - 448

Temperature range (°C): 13.929 - 19.650

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.577 - 15.954

Salinity (PPS): 34.972 - 36.065

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.234 - 5.165

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.120 - 1.019

Silicate (umol/l): 3.199 - 6.630
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

Known prey organisms

Trigona (Trigona sp.) preys on:
Mammalia

Based on studies in:
Costa Rica (Carrion substrate)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • L. F. Jiron and V. M. Cartin, 1981. Insect succession in the decomposition of a mammal in Costa Rica. J. New York Entomol. Soc. 89:158-165, from p. 163.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona FRGsp2

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona ECU01

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona FRGsp1

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona ARG01

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona GUAT

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona MEX02

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona MEX01

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Trigona VNM04

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 429
Specimens with Sequences: 200
Specimens with Barcodes: 170
Species: 48
Species With Barcodes: 31
Public Records: 2
Public Species: 2
Public BINs: 2
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Trigona (genus)

For the Greek village, see Trygona.

Trigona is the largest genus of stingless bees, formerly including many more subgenera than the present assemblage; many of these former subgenera have been elevated to generic status.[1] There are approximately 150 species presently included in the genus, in 11 subgenera. They differ from those groups now excluded in only minor structural details, primarily of the hind leg.

Range[edit]

Trigona species occur throughout the Neotropical region and also throughout the Indo-Australian region; as presently defined, no members of the genus occur in Africa.

Vulture bees[edit]

Vulture bees consist of three Trigona species that are the only known bees not to be herbivores.

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michener, C.D. (2000). The Bees of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press
  2. ^ a b Hoshiba and Imai (1993). "Chromosome evolution of bees and wasps (Hymenoptera, Apocrita) on the basis of C-banding patterns analyses". Japan Journal of Genetics. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kleber França Costa, Rute Magalhães Brito, Carlos Suetoshi Miyazawa (2004). "Karyotypic description of four species of Trigona (Jurine, 1807) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponini) from the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil". Genetics and Molecular Biology (Brazilian Society of Genetics) 27 (2): 187–190. doi:10.1590/s1415-47572004000200010. 
  4. ^ "The southernmost stingless bee in the world". Aussie Bee Bulletin (1). February 1, 1997. 
  5. ^ "Stingless Bees (Trigona and Austroplebeia)". 
  6. ^ a b Tarelho, Z. V. S. (1973). Contribuição ao estudo citogenético dos Apoidea (masters thesis). University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto. 
  7. ^ "Bees in your area". 
  8. ^ Brito and Pompolo (1997). "C:G patterns and fluorochrome staining with DAPI and CMA3, in Trigona spinipes (Jurine, 1807) (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae)". Brazilian Journal of Genetics. 
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Vulture bee

Vulture bees are a small group of three closely related American stingless bee species in the genus Trigona which feed on rotting meat rather than pollen or nectar. These are the only known bees which do not rely on plant products for food. This unusual behavior was only discovered in 1982, nearly two centuries after the bees were first classified. The three species in this group are:

Trigona crassipes (Fabricius, 1793)
Trigona necrophaga (Camargo & Roubik, 1991)
Trigona hypogea

Vulture bees, much like maggots, usually enter the carcass through the eyes. They will then root around inside gathering the meat suitable for their needs. The vulture bees salivates on the rotting flesh and then sucks it up storing it special stomach compartment until it has flown back to the nest. When it returns home, this meat is transferred to another Vulture bee. This bee's job is to mix the animal flesh with a digestive fluid to break it down into an edible substance. This substance is then placed into pot-like containers within the nest until it is time to feed the immature bees.[citation needed]

References[edit]


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