The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1.) Biesmeijer JC et al. 1999. Nectar foraging by stingless bees in Costa Rica: botanical and climatological influences on sugar concentration of nectar collected by Melipona. Apidologie. 30: 43-45.
  • 2.) Beismeijer J C and Toth E. 1998. Individual foraging, activity level and longevity in the stingless bee Melipona beecheii in Costa Rica (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae). Insectes soc. 45: 427–443.
  • 2008. manuscript, World Bee Checklist Project - update 2008-09
  • 3.) Colli-Ucan W, Roubik D W, and Villanueva R. 2005. Extinction of Melipona beecheii and traditional beekeeping in the Yucatán peninsula. Bee World. 86(2):35-41.
  • 4.) Corbet S A, Fussell M, Ake R, Fraser A, Gunson C, Savage A, and Smith, K. 1993. Temperature and pollination activity of social bees. Ecological Entomology. 18(1): 17-30.
  • 5.) Hart A G, Medina L M, and Ratnieks F L W. 2009. Hygienic behavior in the stingless bees Melipona beecheii and Scaptotrigona pectoralis (Hymenoptera: Meliponini). Genetics and Molecular Research. 8(2): 571-576.
  • 6.) Hilario S D, Imperatriz-Fonseca V L, and Kleinert A de M P. Flight activity and colony strength in the stingless bee Melipona bicolor bicolor (Apidae, Meliponinae). 2000. Rev. Bras. Biol. 60(2): 299-306.
  • 7.) Melendez-Ramirez V et al. 2004. Mixed mating strategies and pollination by insects and wind in coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L. (Arecaceae)): importance in production and selection. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 6: 155-163.
  • 8.) Oliveira M A C, 1973, Algumas observações sobre a atividade externa de Plebeia saiqui e Plebeia droryana. MSc Dissertation. Dep. Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, USP, São Paulo. 79.
  • 9.) Wenseleers T et al. 2004. Queen execution and caste conflict in the stingless bee Melipona beecheii. Etholgy. 110: 725-736.
  • González-Acereto J.A., J.J.G. Quezada-Euán J.J.G., and L.A. Medina-Medina. 2006. New perspectives for stingless beekeeping in the Yucatán: results of an integral program to rescue and promote the activity. Journal of Apicultural Research, 45, 234-239.
  • Kwapong, P., K. Aidoo, R. Combey, and A. Karikari. 2010. Stingless Bees: Importance, Management and Utilisation. Unimax Macmillan, Accra North, Ghana.
  • Lopez, Madonado, J.E. 2005. A href+"">Ethnohistory ofthe Stingless Bees Melipona beecheii (Hymenoptera: Meliponinae) in the Mayan Civilization, Decipherment ofthe Beekeeping Almanacs Part I in the Madrid Codex and the Study of Their Behavioral Traits and Division of Labor. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California-Davis.
  • Main, D.M. "A different kind of beekeeping takes flight". New York Times, February 17, 2012.
  • Ruggiero M. (project leader), Ascher J. et al. (2013). ITIS Bees: World Bee Checklist (version Sep 2009). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Valdovinos-Núñez, G.R., J.J.G. Quezada-Euán, P. Ancona-Xiu, H. Moo-Valle, A. Carmona, and W.R. Sánchez. 2009. Comparative Toxicity of Pesticides to Stingless Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). Journal of Economic Entomology 102(5): 1737-1742.
  • Villanueva-Gutierrez, R., D.W. Roubik, and W. Colli Ucan. 2005. Extinction of Melipona Beecheii and Traditional Beekeeping in the Yucatán Peninsula. Bee World 2: 35-41.
  • Youngsteadt, E. 2012. The other honey. American Scientist 100(2): 121.


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